Sometimes, individual properties have cultural heritage value but the surrounding properties may not. In many instances, however, whole neighbourhoods, streetscapes or areas may be significant. These areas are noteworthy not only because of the buildings, but also because of the streetscape features – trees, open spaces, patterns of historical development, vistas and even typography – collectively forming a distinct and integrated character that can be conserved through heritage conservation district designation.
A Heritage Conservation District (or HCD) – defined under Part V of the Ontario Heritage Act – is a geographically defined area within a municipality that is noted for its distinct heritage character. Through the adoption of a district plan, guidelines and policies, a municipality is able to guide future change. Ontario’s first HCD bylaw, Meadowvale Village HCD, was established in Mississauga in 1980. Today, there are 119 HCDs across Ontario, with approximately 40 more awaiting official status under the act.
Heritage Conservation Districts vary in size. Although most HCDs are defined by a number of properties that form a character area, a single property – usually of a complex nature – may also be an HCD. For example, Fort York in Toronto is designated as an HCD. The largest HCD in Ontario is the combined North and South Rosedale HCDs, with a total of 1,800 properties, mostly residential.
Heritage Conservation Districts also vary in character. HCDs conserve areas of interest such as residential, commercial, combination of residential/commercial, institutional, rural and “main street,” and they often incorporate natural heritage features such as green open space, trees, parkland and waterways. Each HCD is distinct and is defined by the varied qualities of the natural and cultural heritage resources within its boundary.