1600 à 1610


  • Champlain returns to France and publishes his Brief Discours.


  • Employed as geographer to King Henri IV.


  • Aymar de Chaste granted monopoly of fur trade. Funds a reconnaissance voyage to Tadoussac at mouth of St. Lawrence River. Champlain joins voyage as geographer, explorer, cartographer and observer for the king.
  • Returns to France and publishes Des Sauvages, ou Voyage de Samuel de Champlain, De Brouage.
  • With death of Aymar de Chaste, Pierre Du Gua, Sieur de Monts, granted monopoly of fur trade and authority to found permanent settlement.


  • Champlain travels from France to Acadia aboard Don-de-Dieu.
  • Explores coasts of Acadia and Maine.
  • Establishes unsuccessful settlement at Sainte-Croix Island with Sieur de Monts.


  • Successful settlement established at Port Royal, near present-day Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia.
  • Champlain explores coast of New England to Cape Cod.
  • Sieur de Monts’s fur trade monopoly revoked; settlers forced to abandon Acadia and return to France.
  • Sieur de Monts’s monopoly reinstated for one-year period.


  • Champlain completes manuscript map of New France.
  • Returns to New France and establishes a colony, Quebec.


  • Explores River of the Iroquois (Richelieu River); names Lake Champlain.
  • With Aboriginal allies, engages in battle against Mohawk near Ticonderoga, New York. Surprises Mohawks with the French gun, or arquebus.


  • Champlain sends Étienne Brûlé to live with Aboriginal allies to learn their languages and gather information about interior of the continent.
  • King Henri IV assassinated.
  • King Louis XIII crowned boy king. His mother, Marie de Medici, assumes duties as queen regent.
  • Champlain and Aboriginal allies engage in battle with Mohawk near mouth of Richelieu River.
  • Champlain marries Hélène Boullé in Paris.