Architectural style - Ontario Heritage Trust

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Architectural style


  • 1 Byzantine Revival

    Inspired by the golden age of Emperor Justinian in the mid-6th century, this style draws on the monuments of Constantinople and Ravenna – the best-known being the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. Characteristic forms include massive round arches, domes atop thick walls, barrel vaults, mosaics on the interior and tiled dome roofs. Floor plans of Byzantine Revival churches often consist of a large domed central space on a Greek cross central plan. The style is closely associated with eastern European religious architecture. In Canada, Byzantine Revival-style places of worship were built from the late 19th century onwards, at first mostly in the western provinces where eastern Europeans first settled in Canada. In Ontario, a few prominent examples were built in the first decade of the 20th century (e.g., St. Anne's Anglican Church, 270 Gladstone Avenue, Toronto) and were considered avant-garde at the time. More Byzantine Revival places of worship were built in Ontario in the mid-20th century, reflecting the settlement patterns of eastern Europeans in the province.

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