Architectural style - Ontario Heritage Trust

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Architectural style


  • 1 Arts and Crafts

    The Arts and Crafts style refers to a set of design principles that applies to art, design and architecture, and attempts to re-establish the artistic skills of craftsmanship that were threatened by the rapid industrialization of the 19th century. Arts and Crafts architecture emphasizes vernacular traditions, the act of construction, handcraft, rational design, comfort, simplicity, large planes, strong textures, earthy hues and simple local materials. In North America, the style came to be known as Craftsman or Stick style. William Morris was the most important writer and theorist of the style. In England, the style was expressed architecturally by Philip Webb, in America by Gustav Stickley and the Greene Brothers. In Ontario, architect Eden Smith was its most prominent proponent. The Arts and Crafts style is not common in Ontario’s places of worship, though a number of examples can be found throughout the province.

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