Champlain in Ontario, 1615 - Ontario Heritage Trust

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Champlain in Ontario, 1615

In April 1615, Samuel de Champlain (c.1574-1635) embarked from Honfleur, upon his seventh voyage to New France. Upon arrival in Quebec, Champlain was informed of increasing tensions with the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) the traditional rival of his Anishinabe (Algonquian) and Wendat (Huron) allies. He travelled west to Huronia on a diplomatic and military expedition where he visited several villages including Cahiagué, a large and important Wendat settlement. With a mixed force of 400-500 First Nations warriors and a few Europeans, Champlain travelled southeast along the Trent River system, crossed Lake Ontario and attacked a fortified Haudenosaunee village in present-day New York State. Lacking reinforcements, facing a formidable enemy and an early winter, the allies withdrew to Cahiagué with the wounded Champlain. During his recovery in Huronia he visited nearby Anishinabe and Tionontati (Petun) settlements. Although later European contact brought epidemics and escalating conflict that had a profound impact on indigenous peoples, the alliances that Champlain helped establish survived. He returned to France the following August and later published important detailed descriptions of the peoples, societies and landscapes of what would become Ontario.

(Anishinaabemowin) Champlain gaagii ayaaj Ontario, 1615

Megwaa apii Niki’giizis 1615, Samuel de Champlain (megwaa 1574-1635 e’gikinowiniwak) Honfleur gii’onjigabaa, azha niizhwaswaa bidagoshin New France. Apii gii’bidagoshing Quebec, Champlain giiwiindamawaganiwi enibimi maanzhi wiijiwidiwaaj Haudenosaunee gaye me’onzha gaa’gii pii’onji mawineshkaadinij gaawiijiwaaj Anishinabe gaye Wendat. Nengaabii’anong giizhimaajaa e’pabaa maawadishiwej dazhiikewinan dago Cahiagué, e’michaag e’kichiinendaagwak Wendat dazhiikewin. Niiwaak akonaag naanwaak anishinaabeg dago aanind agaamakiiwininiwag, Champlain o’gii’ wiijiiwigoon zhaawanong waabanong naani Trent ziibiing, gii’aazho’amoog Ontario Gichi’zaaga’iganing e’gii ando mawinewawaaj Haudenosaunee anishinaabe’i noongom New York Gichi’mookomaanagiing ijigaade. Giinoode boonichigewag idash, gii’inaamowag Cahiagué egii’maaki’aganiwij Champlain. Megwaa gii’ani minoyaaj imaa Huronia o’gii maawadisaan besho giidaanij Anishinabe gaye Tionontati dazhiikewinan. Gagii’ani baatiinowaaj agaamakiiwininiwag e’gii piidoowaaj aakoziwin gaye miigaazowin, niibiwa gii’onji maanzhisewag anishinaabeg, ogo gaagii wiiji’igoj Champlain omaajitaawin gii’onji zhaabwiiwag. Gii’an kiiwe agaamakiing France apii Adidemini’giizisoon gaye giitibaajimobii’ige egii tazhimaaj wenenag, gaa’izhinaagwak aki biinish noongom Ontario aki gaagii aniizhinikaadeg.

(Montagnais-Innu) Champlain anite tiat Ontario, 1615 mishta-atshitashun

Ne napeu, Samuel de Champlain, kaishinikatanit nikatimushipan utenam Honfleur kaishinikatenit uta shiship-pishimu 1615. Champlain kainiut 1574 nuash nete 1635 kanipat. Eukuanu nishuasht tatuau tshipa ishpanu anite New France. Tekushanit ute Kuepek, Champlain uiatimuakanit eka minupananit nenu innu kaishinikatakaniti Haudenosaunee mak nenu uitsheuan, Anishinabe kie Wendat. Ekue itutekue nete Huronia tshemupat mitshet utenau kie nenu peiku kaishinikatenanit Cahiague, eukuan ne meshat kie eshpitenitakuak Wendat utenau. Uiesh neu-tatumitashumitannu mak patetat-tatumitashumitannu itashut innuat kashimakanishishat kie passe akaneshauat teshapanit, ekue tshiatutet nete Trent Shipit etuet. Tashkaimeimut nenu shipinu Ontario shipu ekute natupanut anite Haudenoseaune kaishinikatenanit utenanu. Ekuan ne anutshish keishinikateua New York State. Apu mitshetikuenit uinuau kie mishta shutshinishipan nenu nutshikuat kie shash peshinakushinipan tshetshi pipunanit. Nenu uitsheuan nete ituteshipanit Cahiague kie ushikuianishipan ne Champlain. Mekuat minu-enniut ne Champlain anite Huronia eku mupishtueshan pessish utenau kauitshananit Anishinabe mak Tionontati. Ekue, etatu takushinanit kataku Akaneshuat ekuan petakanit akushunu kie etatu natupannanu. Ekuta mishta matshipananit mitshet innuat muk tshika inniunu nenu uitsheuan ne Champlain kauitshukut. Nete tshiauet Champlain kau France uta upau-pishimu ekuanu meshineitshekue. Eku uiauitak nenu pet ka eitit kie innu uiauinat kie nenu uiatak assinu eshinakunanit kie eshinniunanit auennu. Ekuanu nenu assinu ka uauitak ekuan ne anutshish Ontario keishinikateua.

(Mohawk) 1615 Iahárawe Champlain ne Ontario

Ne Onerahtókha 1615 Honfleur tahahtén:ti ne Samuel de Champlain (c 1574-1635), né:ne tsatáhkhaton shahakwátho ne New France. Tsi iahárawe ne Quebec, wahonwahró:ri ne Champlain tsi na’tehotiri:wate ne Haudenosaunee tánon ne raónha thonatenróhon Anishinabe tánon Wendat . Wa’thathaháhkwe é:neken Huronia nonkwá:ti sotahr wahón:ne, tsi kanataién:ton iahakwatóhseron, ó:ni tsi nón:we ratí:teron Wendat, Cahiagué konwá:iats. Nia’tehá:ti Onkwehón:we wahonwanatia’táhrhase 400-500 nihá:ti, tohkara’k nihá:ti ne Ohontsakaionhró:non. Éntie nonkwá:ti ne nàkon niahá:re ne Champlain kaniataraktóntie ne Trent, wa’thaiáia’ke ne Ontario Kaniataráhere tánon iahshakotinataká:ri tsi ronatená:taien ne Haudenosaunee ne nón:wa ne New York wahstonhronón:ke. Iah tshiekaiéri tsi niahaonkwè:taien tánon wa’thontatken ne ratihseróhen, ónen ni’ó:ni waohserá:te. Ne thonwáhnhes Cahiagué nionsahón:ni skatne ne rokarewahtonhá:tie Champlain. Tsi nikarí:wes aonsahatkwatá:ko ne Huronia nonkwá:ti iashakotke’totháse ne Anishinabe tánon Tionóntati tsi ratí:teron. Ronhá:tien tsi ohna’kén:ke ne Ohontsakaionhró:non tahatíhawe ne nia’tekahnrá:ke tánon ne teka’nikonhrhá:ra ne ki’sháka ia’thóntieste ne Onkwehón:we, tsi nikáien ne tahonténrohwe ne Champlain iah thénon tehotiia’tawén:en. O’seronnio’nwé:ne nieshawé:non ne Seskehkó:wa enhni’tà:ke, ohna’kénke wahahiá:ton washakotharáhkwe ne Onkwehón:we rotitiohkwaiénton tánon tsi niiohontsó:ten ne Ontario ieiotón:o’n.

(Wendat) Yenten ontarionde, sangwat wahia enniot iwasen asen wich iskare

D’onne ahaon d’aƟochingota, sangwat wahia enniot iwasen asen wich iskare, Tsawer de Yenten (sangwat wich iwasen tsutare ndak iskare dinde sangwat wahia enniot achienk iwasen wich iskare) aharaskwa etioreyenchata. Tsutare arati aharaskwat dex’ondechate. D’onnen ahaont teyiatontarie, Yenten ahariharony hontatrio d’hotinnionchiondi dinde hatichrawata honriskon de Wendat. Ehawehti atawatukwahs Wendake. TehandaƟareson ondatonnion. Skandatat Kahiaye ondataywannen. Hondakiwanhation hotiskenrayehta ndak enniot iwasen din wich enniot iwasen onywe d’onywe dinde θora Hatinnionyenhak. Hatiyawe ekandate, hatindiuhon Ontario dinde tehatindataton Hotinnonchiondi hatindatawan hendondechawan de Skandetatironnon. Hotiskenrayehta teshation, hontatrio hontieronkwa dinde tioskenia onne ontayochaƟe. Honriskon ahonraskwat onsahondet Kahiaye. Ɵo honatenhaon ondaie Yenten hondatatrio ahonasterayi. Onne etihandare hayondaƟaron Hondatawat dinde Etionnontateronnon. Aweskwak Hatinnionyenhak hatinnrokawi dinde hontatriochenhaon. Oten Yenten hondatsi harihwanditi. Ɵo Yenten onsahret Yannionhake onnenhondia. Aaharihwandotonnion onywe d’onywe dinde hendondechawan, d’ondechate aaiatias “Ontario.”

Location

Rotary Champlain Wendat Park, Penetanguishene (on the shore of the South Basin, Georgian Bay – immediately north of Owen and Water streets)

Region: Central Ontario

County/District: County of Simcoe

Municipality: Town of Penetanguishene

Themes